There are many reasons why a particular performance may not be in the records/rankings
lists. Sometimes, the mark is simply not known. However, in many cases, the mark has been rejected for one of several
For road races, the course may have been short, excessively downhill, or excessively wind-aided. In these cases, all marks from such a race are rejected. Many of these rejected races are detailed on their respective race history pages. The race history page will report the shortage if known and usually details excessive downhill courses (more than 5 m/km net drop). Excessively wind-aided conditions may occur in some years and not in other years, depending on the direction of the wind in relation to the course configuration. In such cases, a race time bias calculation that yields a value faster than -5.0 s/km is considered excessively aided. These occurrences are noted on the race history page.
The Lisbon (POR) Half Marathon is a good example. The 1993 course was remeasured and found to be 97 meters short. By inference, the 1991 and 1992 courses are also assumed to have been short. For 1994 and later, the course appears to have been accurately measured and receives routine scrutiny from several sources due to the very fast times recorded on this course. It is also noted that this course drops 3.27 m/km from start to finish (although the distance between the start and finish is less than 30%). This is less than the 5 m/km drop that would cause all marks from this course to be rejected but it is more than the 1 m/km which is the maximum allowable drop for a record quality course. Hence, the Lisbon Half Marathon is classified as a point-to-point course which means that it has the potential for being excessively aided. The race time biases for each year are listed. The years 1996, 1998, 2000, 2001, and 2004 have been found through this analysis to have been excessively aided (indicated by a light color for the times in the winners list) and have therefore been excluded from the records/rankings lists.
Occasionally, an individual runner (or group of runners within a race) are dq'd. The disqualification may be initiated by the race organization, the relevant national governing body, the IAAF, or by the ARRS. Basically, there are two reasons for disqualification. A runner may be dq'd for using a proscribed substance (steroids, stimulants, etc) or a runner may be dq'd for an infraction of the rules of competition. This latter disqualification includes deliberate physical interference with another runner and the use of "pace" vehicles in a road race to provide drafting. Click here to view the ARRS criteria for record-keeping.
Some performances are excluded because the runner in question is a known cheater
(usually multiple instances). In most cases, ALL performances by known cheats are rejected. Cheating may consist
of course cutting or allowing another runner to run with the cheaters race number or timing chip. Click here for the list of known cheaters.
The following is an attempt to list significant individual marks that have been rejected. Only marks otherwise meeting the ARRS qualifying standards are included. There are many other dq's in the ARRS database. Disqualified performances that would have been credited with a win have been noted on the relevant web pages for those races (when such web pages have been posted). In some cases, one drug disqualification may cover numerous performances and only the athlete and period of disqualification are listed.
01 Dec 2013 Mara RD 2:48:31 Mazatlan MEX Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 29 Sep 2013 Mara RD 2:17:18 Berlin GER Miguel-Angel Gamonal Martin (ESP) doping violation 22 Sep 2013 Mara RD 2:31:50 Omsk RUS Yevgenia Danilova (RUS) doping violation 18 Aug 2013 Hf Mar RD 1:16:38a San Diego CA/USA Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 28 Jul 2013 5000m OT 15:40.61 Stara Zagora BUL Roxana-Elisabeta Birca (ROM) doping violation 11 Jul 2013 5000m OT 15:39.76 Kazan RUS Roxana-Elisabeta Birca (ROM) doping violation 19 May 2013 Mara RD 2:36:02.9 Cleveland OH/USA Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 05 May 2013 Mara RD 2:37:35 Pittsburgh PA/USA Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 27 Apr 2013 Hf Mar RD 1:16:55 Des Moines IA/USA Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 30 Mar 2013 56 km RD 3:38:38 Cape Town RSA Nataliya Volguina (RUS) tested positive for anabolic steroid Metenolone 24 Mar 2013 Hf Mar RD 1:05:28 Lisbon POR Fernando Silva (POR) doping violation 03 Mar 2013 Hf Mar RD 1:08:58 Paris FRA Pauline Njeri Kahenya (KEN) failed in competition test 02 Mar 2013 Mara RD 2:41:15 The Woodlands TX/USA Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 17 Feb 2013 Mara RD 2:41:24 Jacksonvle Bch FL/USA Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 20 Jan 2013 Mara RD 2:49:14a Port of Spain TRI Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 06 Jan 2013 Mara RD 2:44:40 Merida MEX Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 16 Dec 2012 Mara RD 2:41:42 Mexicali MEX Mary Akor (USA) failed in competition test (clenbuterol) 09 Dec 2012 Mara RD 2:34:01 Honolulu HI/USA Kaori Yoshida (JPN) EPO 25 Nov 2012 Mara RD 2:11:44 La Rochelle FRA Nahashon Kimaiyo (KEN) doping violation 18 Nov 2012 Mara RD 2:18:48 Turin ITA Andrew Kimutai Ben (KEN) failed in competition test 28 Oct 2012 Mara RD 2:26:41 Nairobi KEN Salome Biwott Cherono (KEN) doping violation 28 Oct 2012 Mara RD 2:12:14 Porto POR Anthony Wairui Kahuthu (KEN) doping violation 30 Sep 2012 Hf Mar RD 1:05:30 Lisbon POR Fernando Silva (POR) doping violation 25 Sep 2012 5000m OT 16:25.02 Kunshan CHN Jia-li Wang (CHN) doping violation 24 Sep 2012 5000m OT 16:13.62 Kunshan CHN Jia-li Wang (CHN) doping violation 23 Sep 2012 Mara RD 2:48:06 Odense DEN Wioletta Kryza (POL) doping violation 22 Sep 2012 10000m OT 33:39.85 Kunshan CHN Jia-li Wang (CHN) doping violation 05 Aug 2012 Mara RD 2:35:46 London ENG Jia-li Wang (CHN) doping violation 04 Jul 2012 5000 m OT 15:26.19 Cheboksary RUS Inga Abitova (RUS) doping violation 11 Jun 2012 10000m OT 31:55.97 Moscow RUS Inga Abitova (RUS) doping violation 28 May 2012 10 km RD 34:24.5 Boulder CO/USA Genoveva Kigen Chelegat (KEN) failed drug test 26 May 2012 10 km RD 28:25.8 Ottawa ON/CAN Mohamed El Hachimi (MAR) doping violation 13 May 2012 Mara RD 2:17:24 Dongying CHN Eliud Chepti Kapchanga (KEN) competed while under drug suspension 13 May 2012 Mara RD 2:17:04 Prague CZE Fernando Silva (POR) doping violation 29 Apr 2012 Mara RD 2:23:47 Hamburg GER Rael Kiyara Nguriatukei (KEN) failed drug test 22 Apr 2012 Mara RD 2:11:31 Linz AUT Ronald Kipcumba Rutto (KEN) failed drug test 31 Mar 2012 Hf Mar RD 1:05:53 Madrid ESP Fernando Silva (POR) doping violation 18 Mar 2012 Mara RD 2:05:37 Seoul KOR Wilson Loyanai Erupe (KEN) doping 04 Mar 2012 Hf Mar RD 1:05:19 Santander ESP Fernando Silva (POR) doping violation 05 Feb 2012 Mara RD 2:11:27 Hong Kong HKG Eliud Chepti Kapchanga (KEN) competed while under drug suspension 05 Feb 2012 Mara RD 2:11:28 Hong Kong HKG Cosmas Kyeva Mutuku (KEN) failed drug test 22 Jan 2012 Mara RD 2:16:58 Culiacan MEX Jaynocel Basweti Onyamelia (KEN) doping violation 22 Jan 2012 Hf Mar RD 1:04:43 Carlsbad CA/USA Eskyas Sisay (ETH) EPO 31 Dec 2011 10 km RD 29:25.1 Bolzano ITA Fernando Silva (POR) doping violation 06 Nov 2011 Mara RD 2:11:04 New York NY/USA Eskyas Sisay (ETH) EPO 27 Oct 2011 Mara RD 2:46:06 Changhua TPE Yu-fang Hsu failed drug test 25 Sep 2011 Mara RD 2:17:01 Cape Town RSA Anthony Godonqwana prednisone/prednisolone 17 Apr 2011 Mara RD 2:26:31 London ENG Inga Abitova (RUS) doping 27 Feb 2011 Mara RD 2:27:29 Tokyo JPN Tatyana Aryasova (RUS) banned substance 07 Nov 2010 Mara RD 2:29:17a New York NY/USA Inga Abitova (RUS) doping 05 Sep 2010 5 km RD 16:05 London ENG Inga Abitova (RUS) doping 31 Jul 2010 Mara RD 2:31:14 Barcelona ESP Zivile Balciunaite (LTU) banned for steroid use 31 Jul 2010 Mara RD 2:32:15 Barcelona ESP Natalya Yulamanova (RUS) failed drug test 28 Jul 2010 10000m OT 31:22.83 Barcelona ESP Inga Abitova (RUS) doping 25 Apr 2010 Mara RD 2:22:19 London ENG Inga Abitova (RUS) doping 15 Nov 2009 Mara RD 2:27:18 Yokohama JPN Inga Abitova (RUS) doping 27 Sep 2009 Hf Mar RD 1:10:37 Remich LUX Shitaye Gemechu Debelu (ETH) EPO 01 Mar 2009 Mara RD 2:29:35 Torreon MEX Margarita Tapia Garcia (MEX) betamethasone 21 Jun 2008 3000m OT 9:04.39 Annecy FRA Julie Coulard (FRA) testosterone 13 Jun 2008 5000m OT 16:13.81 Sofia BUL Daniela Yordanova (BUL) failed drug test 13 Apr 2008 Hf Mar RD 1:12:21 Vienna AUT Susanne Pumper (AUT) EPO 30 Mar 2008 Hf Mar RD 1:13:23 Vienna AUT Susanne Pumper (AUT) EPO 09 Mar 2008 Hf Mar RD 1:14:12 Vienna AUT Susanne Pumper (AUT) EPO 09 Dec 2007 Mara RD 2:17:26 Honolulu HI/USA Ambesse Tolossa (ETH) failed drug test 21 Oct 2007 Mara RD 2:17:53.5 Amsterdam NED Youssef Galmin (MAR) refusal to submit sample for testing 14 Oct 2007 Hf Mar RD 1:05:44 Dordrecht NED Youssef Galmin (MAR) refusal to submit sample for testing 01 Jul 2007 Mara RD 2:41:21 Brisbane AUS Lindsey Scherf (USA) refusal to submit sample for testing 13 May 2007 Hf Mar RD 1:04:43 Albacete ESP Pablo Lopez (ESP) nandrolone 06 May 2007 Mara RD 2:16:09 Vitoria ESP Pablo Lopez (ESP) nandrolone 28 Jan 2006 Mara RD 2:12:02 Marrakech MAR Youssef Galmin (MAR) refusal to submit sample for testing 05 Nov 2006 Mara RD 2:14:54 New York NY/USA Youssef Galmin (MAR) refusal to submit sample for testing 12 Mar 2006 Mara RD 2:10:40 Seoul KOR Gert Thys (RSA) norandrosterone reinstated on appeal improper testing protocol 04 Sep 2005 10 km RD 32:21 Cape Town RSA Azwindini Gladys Lukhwareni (RSA) 19-norandrosterone 28 Aug 2005 10 km RD 33:35 Arras FRA ionela Vasile (ROM) 24 Apr 2005 Mara RD 2:12:47 Hamburg GER Artur Osman (POL) 30 Apr 2004 10000m OT 27:33.53 Palo Alto CA/USA Cathal Lombard (IRL) EPO 07 Feb 2004 Mara RD 2:15:36 Birmingham AL/USA Eddy Hellebuyck (USA) EPO 31 Aug 2003 Hf Mar RD 1:12:19 Rio de Janeiro BRA Marizete Rezende (BRA) 25 May 2003 10 km RD 29:02 Santos BRA Daniel Ferreira (BRA) 15 Mar 2003 3000m IT 8:52.21 Birmingham ENG Maria Tsirba (GRE) 03 Nov 2002 Mara RD 2:26:44 New York NY/USA Olivera Jevtic (SER) 20 Oct 2002 Mara RD 2:29:30.0 Amsterdam NED Alina Gherasim (ROM) 12 Oct 2002 5000m OT 15:18.77 Pusan KOR Sunita Rani (IND) 20 Oct 2002 Mara RD 2:20:23 Beijing CHN Ya-nan Wei (CHN) 15 Sep 2002 Mara RD 2:35:24 Wachau AUT Larisa Malikova (RUS) 05 May 2002 Mara RD 2:43:22 Hannover GER Mariya Latysheva (RUS) 05 May 2002 Mara RD 2:31:45 Pittsburgh PA/USA Wioletta Kryza (POL) 09 Feb 2002 10 km RD 34:49 Houston TX/USA Desiree Owen (USA) 09 Jun 2001 10000m OT 27:29.53 Tokyo JPN Alene Emere (ETH) 08 Apr 2001 Mara RD 2:35:01 Paris FRA Silvana Trampuz (AUS) nandrolone 17 Oct 1999 Mara RD 2:35:54 Istanbul TUR Florina Pana (ROM) 24 Jun 1999 10000m OT 27:45.74 Bologna ITA Giuliani Battocletti (ITA) 18 Apr 1999 Mara RD 2:07:37 Rotterdam NED Julio Rey (ESP) 10 May 1998 Mara RD 2:15:35 Turin ITA Migidio Bourifa (ITA) 20 Sep 1997 24 Hr RD 250.772 km Courcon FRA Seiji Arita (JPN) 13 Sep 1997 100km RD 7:06:55 Winschoten NED Maria Bak (GER) steroids 08 Dec 1996 Mara RD 2:16:06 Calvia ESP Mohammed Fahd (MAR) 01 Dec 1996 Mara RD 2:16:10 Florence ITA Roberto Barbi (ITA) ephedrine 10 Nov 1996 Mara RD 2:14:05 Puteaux FRA Mohammed Fahd (MAR) 13 Oct 1996 Mara RD 2:14:09 Lausanne SUI Mohammed Fahd (MAR) 04 Jun 1995 Mara RD 2:33:47 Prague CZE Alena Peterkova (CZE) 12 Feb 1995 Mara RD 2:10:44 Tokyo JPN Antoni Niemczak (POL) 17 Apr 1994 Mara RD 2:10:28 Rotterdam NED Gang-jun Hu (CHN) 06 Mar 1994 Mara RD 2:40:12 Los Angeles CA/USA Sylvia Mosqueda (USA) 01 May 1993 24hr RD 264.718 km Basel SUI Nikolay Safin (RUS) steroids 01 Nov 1992 Mara RD 2:33:26 New York NY/USA Gordon Bakoulis (USA) 04 Mar 1990 Mara RD 2:33:36 Los Angeles CA/USA Sirje Eichelmann (EST) 09 Aug 1987 3000m OT 9:11.30 Birmingham ENG Dorina Briand (ROM) 02 Nov 1986 Mara RD 2:11:21 New York NY/USA Antoni Niemczak (POL) 06 Aug 1984 10000m OT 27:51.10 Los Angeles CA/USA Martti Vainio (FIN) 28 Jun 1984 5000m OT 13:16.02 Oslo NOR Martti Vainio (FIN)
Drug Disqualifications- Biological
Alemitu Bekele Degfa (17 Sep 1977,TUR): all performances from 17 Aug 2009 thru Feb 2016
Jose-Manuel Rocha (06 Jul 1976,POR): all performances from 11 Dec 2010 to date
Olesya Syreva (25 Nov 1983,RUS): all performances from 03 Mar 2011 to date
06 Oct 2001 100km RD 6:35:19 Santa Cruz/Bezana ESP Gregoriy Muzin (RUS) 21 Jan 1996 Mara RD 2:31:03 Houston TX/USA Tatyana Pozdniakova (UKR) cold medicine 17 Feb 1991 100km RD 6:37:58 Palamos ESP Eric Seedhouse (GBR) decongestant
12 Mar 2006 25 km RD 1:11:37 Alpen a/d Rijn NED Haile Gebreselasie (ETH) joined by pacers at 5 km 12 Mar 2006 20 km RD 58:17 Alpen a/d Rijn NED Salim Kipsang (KEN) paced Gebreselasie in 25 km 07 Jun 1987 Mara RD 2:37:52 Sydney AUS Tani Ruckle (AUS) pacing violation
Note: The pacing violations on 12 Mar 2006 were declared by the ARRS.
04 Apr 2004 Mara RD 2:06:14 Rotterdam NED Felix Limo (KEN) drafting by motor bike 11 Dec 2002 10km RD 27:02 Doha QAT Haile Gebreselasie (ETH) drafting by lead truck
Note: These drafting violations were declared by the ARRS.
25 Nov 2001 Mara RD n/t Florence ITA Ruggero Pertile (ITA) course cutting 20 May 2001 Mara RD 2:34:00 Vienna AUT Rimma Dubovik (UKR) course cutting 03 Jun 2000 Mara RD n/t Stockholm SWE Said Dogga (MAR) course cutting 16 Apr 2000 Mara RD 2:17:12 Rotterdam NED Said Dogga (MAR) course cutting 24 Oct 1999 Mara RD n/t Chicago IL/USA Said Dogga (MAR) course cutting 17 Oct 1999 20km RD 1:00:11 Paris FRA Said Dogga (MAR) course cutting 25 Apr 1999 Mara RD 2:14:09 Hamburg GER Dariusz Kruczkowski (POL) dropped out at 25 km, crossed finish 02 Mar 1997 Mara RD n/t Los Angeles CA/USA Nadezhda Wijenberg (NED) course cutting 06 Feb 1994 Mara RD n/t Oita JPN Gemechu Kebede (ETH) misdirected on course 06 Feb 1994 Mara RD n/t Oita JPN Maurilio Castillo (MEX) misdirected on course 06 Feb 1994 Mara RD n/t Oita JPN Jeff Jacobs (USA) misdirected on course 01 Mar 1992 Mara RD 2:18:38 Los Angeles CA/USA Polin Belisle (BIZ) course cutting 05 May 1991 Mara RD 2:17:39 Long Beach CA/USA Polin Belisle (BIZ) course cutting
05 Dec 2010 Mara RD 2:19:14 Kampala UGA Donald Sambu (KEN) did not receive permission from KEN federation for competition 05 Oct 2003 5 mi RD n/t Attleboro MA/USA Mohammed Amyn (MAR) interference with winner near finish 22 Jun 2003 10 km RD 29:11 San Luis Potosi MEX Daniel Cheruiyot (KEN) switched races after starting 28 Apr 2002 50 km RD 2:56:44 Kleinmond RSA Keith Court (RSA) handed fluids at aid station 14 Apr 2002 Hf Mar RD 1:12:47 La Rochelle FRA Hanan Farhoun (MAR) suspended for behavior (discipline) 24 Mar 2002 10 km RD 33:45 Laval FRA Hanan Farhoun (MAR) suspended for behavior (discipline) 02 Aug 1998 5000m OT 13:49.86 Annecy FRA Ahmed Ibrahim Baday (MAR) disqualified for being over age (junior champs) 01 Oct 2000 Mara RD n/t Albuquerque NM/USA Rafael Colmenares (VEN) received unfair assistance 20 May 1990 Mara RD n/t Cleveland OH/USA Irina Sklyarenko (RUS) received unfair assistance 14 Jul 1989 5000m OT 13:17.84 London ENG Eamonn Martin (ENG) received split times from his coach 23 Apr 1984 Mara RD 2:14:30 Cork IRL Jerry Kiernan (IRL) advertising letting larger than permitted under IAAF rules 23 Apr 1984 Mara RD 2:48:26 Cork IRL Deirdre Nagle (IRL) more than one advertising logo on singlet
Last Updated on 01 Mar 2014
Contributors: Marty Post, Alex Wilson, Juraj Gasparovic, Mark Butler, Riel Hauman, David Monti